Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease) Assessment & Treatment Overview
Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) is an inflammatory disease affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth. It is a bacterial infection caused by accumulation of dental plaque on the teeth.
It affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth (bone). The word periodontal literally means ‘around the tooth’. As plaque continues to build without proper cleaning, gums become infected and the bone level tends to reduce. Teeth may become sensitive as the root becomes exposed, pus may be produced and pockets may form between the gum and tooth. These processes are not visible to the naked eye, and if left undetected and untreated it can lead to loss of teeth.
In the early stages, periodontitis has very few symptoms, and in many individuals the disease has progressed significantly before they seek treatment.
Symptoms may include:
Redness or bleeding of gums while brushing teeth, using dental floss or biting into hard food
Gum swelling that recurs
Spitting out blood after brushing teeth.
Bad breath, and a persistent metallic taste in the mouth
Gingival recession, resulting in apparent lengthening of teeth.
Deep pockets between the teeth and the gums